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The Correlation between Tongue Pain and Tenderness of Tongue by Digital Palpation in Burning Mouth Syndrome Patients: A Preliminary Study
J Oral Med Pain 2019;44:54-58
Published online June 30, 2019;
© 2019 Korean Academy of Orofacial Pain and Oral Medicine

Ji-Won Ryu, A-Hyang Yoon, Jong-Mo Ahn

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: Jong-Mo Ahn Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, 309 Pilmundaero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61452, Korea Tel: +82-62-220-3896 Fax: +82-62-234-2119 E-mail:
Received June 14, 2019; Revised June 17, 2019; Accepted June 17, 2019.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between tongue pain and tenderness of tongue by digital palpation (DP) in Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) patients.
Methods: One hundred thirty-four consecutive patients (60 BMS with tongue pain and 74 non-BMS) who attended the Department of Oral Medicine (Chosun University Dental Hospital, Gwangju, Korea) from January 2018 to December 2018 were included in this study. The examined sites were anterior, lateral (right and left) and central part of the tongue. The pain sites were reported by the patients and the tender points on DP test were recorded by the clinicians. DP test was performed by well-trained clinicians with palpation of the tongue with 0.5 kg pressure using the thumb and index finger. Obtained results for BMS and non- BMS group were compared using t-test (p<0.05).
Results: 1. The BMS group had higher tender score on DP test of the tongue and there was a significant difference between the BMS and non-BMS groups. 2. The accuracy of the pain site and the tender point was shown to be 0.68 total (anterior 0.68; right lateral 0.69; left lateral 0.70; central 0.61).
Conclusions: This study suggests that the tenderness to DP of the tongue could be related to the painsites in the BMS patients. Further study is needed to confirm the usefulness of DP test of the tongue to examine the BMS patients.
Keywords : Burning mouth syndrome; Palpation; Tongue

December 2019, 44 (4)